The Definition of Dyslexia

Definition of dyslexia

Dyslexia is a learning difficulty that primarily affects the skills involved in accurate and fluent word reading and spelling.

  • Characteristic features of dyslexia are difficulties in phonological awareness, verbal memory and verbal processing speed.
  • Dyslexia occurs across the range of intellectual abilities.
  • It is best thought of as a continuum, not a distinct category and there are no clear cut-off points.
  • Co-occurring difficulties may be seen in aspects of language, motor co-ordination, mental calculation, concentration and personal organisation, but these are not, by themselves, markers of dyslexia.
  • A good indication of the severity and persistence of dyslexia difficulties can be gained by examining how the individual responds or has responded to well-founded intervention.

Source: The Rose Report 2009, Pg 29. - Identifying and Teaching Children and Young People with Dyslexia and Literacy Difficulties.

Questions about Dyslexia?

This leaflet helps to provide answers to questions you may have when first hearing about dyslexia. This leaflet is available in other languages, at the bottom of this page.

Questions about Dyslexia?

What can I do if I think my child is dyslexic?

Look at the recognised indicators provided by the British Dyslexia Association (BDA) here.

For older children and young people, take the dyslexia test, provided by Xtraordinary People. (This is not a formal diagnosis but highlights common issues facing dyslexics and indicates likelihood).

Other Resources

  • Schools And Local Authorities

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